Secondary Infertility and Solution
Are you planning for another baby?? Though it is an exciting decision, it can come as a shock when you run into difficulty getting pregnant the second time. Especially when you conceived easily the last time you were trying. You probably just expected to have the option to stop contraception, sit back and look forward to your positive pregnancy test.
If you have been trying for some time, but not getting any result, you may have Secondary Infertility.
What is Secondary Infertility?
Pregnancy isn’t ensured, regardless of whether you conceived easily the first or second time around. Fertility is fragile and fleeting, and the possibility of having a fertility issue isn’t abnormal.
Secondary Infertility is the inability to conceive a second child after first child was born biologically. It affects about one in every 12 women, accounting for almost 50% of medical infertility cases. And incidences of secondary infertility is growing rapidly in number. While infertility is discussed every day, secondary infertility is not much talked about, even when it is quite a common form of infertility.
What are the Possible Causes of Secondary Infertility?
There are many factors that may contribute to secondary infertility. Age plays a part in infertility as the ovarian reserve drops after the age of 35. This refers to the number and quality of eggs in the ovaries.
Around 12% of all infertility cases are a result of weight issues.
Inactivity in women clubbed with wrong food habits, increases chances of primary infertility as well as secondary infertility.
Also, blaming only women is not appropriate, the male partner also plays an equal role infertility. Those with BMIs over 30, which is considered obese, have a lower sperm count and negatively impact overall fertility.
Causes of secondary infertility in both partners could be:
- Damage to fallopian tube due to Abnormal pregnancies
- Complications during previous pregnancies such as a C-section
- Blockage which is caused due to fibroids
- Increased maternal age and less production of quality eggs
- Increased age, weight gain
- Excessive smoking & drinking
- Use of certain medications
- Impaired sperm production and transmission
What you can do about secondary infertility?
- Stay healthy, eat a well-balanced diet, exercise daily and get a good night’s sleep
- Quit smoking and cut down on alcohol as this helps regulate fertility.
- Exercise regular sex, every second day before ovulation, is recommended to achieve pregnancy.
- Reduce exposure to everyday chemicals to keep hormones balanced
- supplementing your diet with vitamins C, D and E and taking zinc may be recommended by a nutritionist.
When Should you Consult Medical Advise?
Remember that you are not alone. More and more people are now facing the problem of secondary infertility and, therefore, it is better to be informed.
If you are under 35 and trying to conceive for a year, or over 35 and trying to conceive for six months, then it’s advisable to seek medical help. And, if you have a history of pelvic inflammation, painful periods, irregular cycles, miscarriage, low sperm count, or other known conditions that affect your fertility, don’t wait six months or a year, consult specialist advice now!
Treatment for Secondary Infertility
Treating secondary infertility, like primary infertility, will depend largely on any underlying medical conditions. The couple undergoes a routine evaluation & would likely recommend a physical exam and a transvaginal ultrasound. Blood work will be drawn to test for an array of things, including hormone levels, FSH, AMH, CBC, Hemoglobin A1c levels, Vitamin D, Varicella for chickenpox immunity and rubella. Since infertility is not simply a woman’s problem, evaluating both members ensures the most effective treatments
Like primary infertility, secondary infertility can also result from a variety of hormonal, environmental, immunological and physiological causes.
After the diagnosis, your specialist will determine a specific prescribed infertility treatment plan, which may include:
- Consultation on Nutrition plan and education on how to optimize your health for conception and pregnancy.
- Semen Analysis: male patients may be required to have a semen analysis to determine motility and sperm count.
- IUI: an Intrauterine insemination is a form of artificial insemination that involves placing a concentrated semen sample in the uterine cavity to improve the chances of conception.
- IVF Treatment: During in vitro fertilization, eggs are removed from the body and combined with sperm in the laboratory to create embryos, which are then transferred back into your uterus.
- Surgery: usually laparoscopic surgery is advised, to repair blocked fallopian tubes, or to remove fibroids or endometriosis deposits.
Prepare Yourself for Emotions and Reactions
Its common with couples who experience secondary infertility had no trouble getting pregnant the first time. You may experience anger, sadness and even guilt in not being able to conceive, so reach out for any kind of mental & psychological help that you may need.
Making all possible efforts & keeping a positive eye is all one can do. Today, in the age of revolutionary advancement, with the help of modern science and medicine, effective therapies and highly skilled medical professionals, one can overcome the hurdles of secondary infertility as well. We wish you good luck with your family planning!