Folic Acid and its Benefits in Pregnancy

Folic Acid and Pregnancy

“It is vital for every woman who expects to become pregnant to get 400 micrograms (400 mcg) of folic acid every day to prevent serious birth defects in your baby”

Folic Acid and its Benefits in Pregnancy
Folic Acid Foods

What Is Folic Acid?

Folic acid is a water-soluble man-made form of vitamin B-9, also called folate. Folate plays an important role in the production of red blood cells and helps your baby’s neural tube develop into her brain and spinal cord.

The best food sources of folic acid are fortified cereals. Folate is found naturally in dark green leafy vegetables, beans, dairy products and citrus fruits. Although present in these foods, it can be hard to get enough folic acid from diet alone for a desired pregnancy, so taking folic acid tablets is very important.

Why Folic Acid is Important?

Folate is required for everyone, but it plays a very crucial role for women who can get pregnant. Folate is essential as it is needed to make DNA and other genetic material and for the normal growth and development of your baby’s spine, brain, and skull, especially during the first four weeks of your pregnancy. It enables your infant’s neural tube to grow properly during pregnancy and ensures against neural tube defects (NTDs). It might likewise reduce the danger of different issues in the infant, for example,  cleft lip and palate, heart and urinary tract defects, miscarriage, etc.

Is the Deficiency of Folic acid Serious?

  • Folate helps to make new red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all the parts of our body. If enough RBCs aren’t made, one can develop megaloblastic anemia. Anemia is a red blood cell disorder that can cause symptoms of weakness, fatigue, trouble concentrating, irritability, headache, abnormal heartbeats, and shortness of breath
  • Pregnant women who do not get enough folic acid are at risk of giving birth to babies with neural tube defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly.
  • Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy may also increase the risk of having a preterm birth or a low weight baby.
  • Folic acid is necessary for healthy skin, hair, and nails. Therefore, folic acid deficiency may cause ulcers in the mouth, and changes in the color of the skin, hair, or fingernails.

Folic acid has also been recommended to overcome your risk of pregnancy complications, heart disease, stroke, some types of cancers.

Recommended Intake of Folic Acid for Men and Women

  • All women (14 years and above), as well as men, need 400 micrograms of folic acid every day.
  • Women who can get pregnant should get 400 to 800 micrograms of folic acid from a multivitamin tablet or from food that has added folic acid, such as a breakfast cereal. This is in addition to the folate you get naturally from food.
  • Some women may need more folic acid each day, for example, a woman who had a baby with a neural tube defect (such as spina bifida) and want to get pregnant again should take 4,000 micrograms of folic acid. Your doctor may prescribe this amount. Research shows taking this amount may lower the risk of having another baby with spina bifida.
  • For breastfeeding women, 500 mcg of folic acid is recommended.

How does Folic Acid Help Increase Fertility?

Folate is one of the most important supplements to prepare your body for pregnancy. Folic acid is known to be great for fertility.

Folic Acid and Female Fertility

Folic acid can have a convincing effect on female reproductive capacity. In fact, specially formulated folic acid supplements are usually recommended to women who are planning to conceive, whether they struggle with infertility issues or not. These supplements, along with foods rich in folate and folic acid, must be regularly taken immediately upon the decision to seek pregnancy, and preferably several months before conception occurs.

A folic acid routined prescription is particularly important to women with pregnancy problems during their fertility treatment. Not just it helps improves & promote fertility, but it also helps reduce the stress that causes the body to need more folate. Even when the pregnancy is achieved, folic acid remains vital, particularly during the first few four weeks, as it reduces the risk of miscarriage and congenital defects.

Folic Acid and Male Fertility

Folic acid can actually improve the quality of a man’s sperm while lowering the risk of sperm abnormalities that could interfere with conception. When a man’s sperm count is low, there won’t be enough sperm to travel and fertilize the egg because the pathway is long. In a study conducted by a Netherlands-based medical University, Folic acid boosts fertility in men by around 74%.


Opting nutritional supplements, minimizing medication use and achieving a healthy pre-pregnancy weight, all help ensures the chance of delivering a healthy baby. When it comes to promoting fertility, not to mention a healthy pregnancy resulting in a healthy child, folic acid is an absolute necessity.

What is Secondary Infertility and its solution

Secondary Infertility and Solution

secondary Infertility

Are you planning for another baby?? Though it is an exciting decision, it can come as a shock when you run into difficulty getting pregnant the second time. Especially when you conceived easily the last time you were trying. You probably just expected to have the option to stop contraception, sit back and look forward to your positive pregnancy test.

If you have been trying for some time, but not getting any result, you may have Secondary Infertility.

What is Secondary Infertility?

Pregnancy isn’t ensured, regardless of whether you conceived easily the first or second time around. Fertility is fragile and fleeting, and the possibility of having a fertility issue isn’t abnormal.

Secondary Infertility is the inability to conceive a second child after first child was born biologically. It affects about one in every 12 women, accounting for almost 50% of medical infertility cases. And incidences of secondary infertility is growing rapidly in number. While infertility is discussed every day, secondary infertility is not much talked about, even when it is quite a common form of infertility.

What are the Possible Causes of Secondary Infertility?

There are many factors that may contribute to secondary infertility. Age plays a part in infertility as the ovarian reserve drops after the age of 35. This refers to the number and quality of eggs in the ovaries.

Around 12% of all infertility cases are a result of weight issues.

Inactivity in women clubbed with wrong food habits, increases chances of primary infertility as well as secondary infertility.

Also, blaming only women is not appropriate, the male partner also plays an equal role infertility.  Those with BMIs over 30, which is considered obese, have a lower sperm count and negatively impact overall fertility.

Causes of secondary infertility in both partners could be:

In women:

  • Damage to fallopian tube due to Abnormal pregnancies
  • Complications during previous pregnancies such as a C-section
  • Blockage which is caused due to fibroids
  • Increased maternal age and less production of quality eggs

In men:

  • Increased age, weight gain
  • Excessive smoking & drinking
  • Use of certain medications
  • Impaired sperm production and transmission

What you can do about secondary infertility?

  • Stay healthy, eat a well-balanced diet, exercise daily and get a good night’s sleep
  • Quit smoking and cut down on alcohol as this helps regulate fertility.
  • Exercise regular sex, every second day before ovulation, is recommended to achieve pregnancy.
  • Reduce exposure to everyday chemicals to keep hormones balanced
  • supplementing your diet with vitamins C, D and E and taking zinc may be recommended by a nutritionist.

When Should you Consult Medical Advise?

Remember that you are not alone. More and more people are now facing the problem of secondary infertility and, therefore, it is better to be informed.

If you are under 35 and trying to conceive for a year, or over 35 and trying to conceive for six months, then it’s advisable to seek medical help. And, if you have a history of pelvic inflammation, painful periods, irregular cycles, miscarriage, low sperm count, or other known conditions that affect your fertility, don’t wait six months or a year, consult specialist advice now!

Treatment for Secondary Infertility  

Treating secondary infertility, like primary infertility, will depend largely on any underlying medical conditions. The couple undergoes a routine evaluation & would likely recommend a physical exam and a transvaginal ultrasound. Blood work will be drawn to test for an array of things, including hormone levels, FSH, AMH, CBC, Hemoglobin A1c levels, Vitamin D, Varicella for chickenpox immunity and rubella. Since infertility is not simply a woman’s problem, evaluating both members ensures the most effective treatments  

Like primary infertility, secondary infertility can also result from a variety of hormonal, environmental, immunological and physiological causes.

After the diagnosis, your specialist will determine a specific prescribed infertility treatment plan, which may include:

  • Consultation on Nutrition plan and education on how to optimize your health for conception and pregnancy.
  • Semen Analysis: male patients may be required to have a semen analysis to determine motility and sperm count.
  • IUI: an Intrauterine insemination is a form of artificial insemination that involves placing a concentrated semen sample in the uterine cavity to improve the chances of conception.
  • IVF Treatment: During in vitro fertilization, eggs are removed from the body and combined with sperm in the laboratory to create embryos, which are then transferred back into your uterus.
  • Surgery:  usually laparoscopic surgery is advised, to repair blocked fallopian tubes, or to remove fibroids or endometriosis deposits.

Prepare Yourself for Emotions and Reactions

Its common with couples who experience secondary infertility had no trouble getting pregnant the first time. You may experience anger, sadness and even guilt in not being able to conceive, so reach out for any kind of mental & psychological help that you may need.

Making all possible efforts & keeping a positive eye is all one can do. Today, in the age of revolutionary advancement, with the help of modern science and medicine, effective therapies and highly skilled medical professionals, one can overcome the hurdles of secondary infertility as well. We wish you good luck with your family planning!

Does Endometrial Scratching Increase Your Chance Of IVF Success?

Endometrial Scratching

When a couple faces infertility issues, they look out for options to get it treated. When at last they fail to treat the infertility cause and thereby get to know that they are permanently infertile, they look out for options of artificial childbirth. Thanks to the advanced science and technology these days the infertile couples have at least got hope of having their own child non-biologically.

Infertility has always prevailed in our society since time immemorial, only the thing that has changed in the past decades is how the common people and the infertile couples are looking at its solution!

Unlike before when the only option left in front of the couples was child adoption, today, they can even have their own biological child through the various IVF procedures when they cannot give birth naturally. The Infertility Treatment through IVF is indeed a boon for all those unfortunate individuals who have long lost hope in their reproductive effectiveness and their ability to become a parent.

But there are some certain issues that need to be taken care of while you are undergoing the IVF treatments which includes leading a healthy lifestyle, timely visiting the infertility clinic for completing the procedure, choosing the best test tube baby center for taking care of your in vitro fertilization procedure etc.

Amongst all these, there is one more than the infertility experts suggest doing to make your IVF pregnancy a successful one and that is nothing less than endometrial scratching. We shall discuss more on this below. Read on to know more

Let us first know what exactly endometrial scratching is…

Well, in simple words it is a procedure which is carried out by the infertility expert to increase the power of receptivity and increase the chances of implantation within the uterus by making it more vigour towards the embryo.

When you are undergoing IVF treatment, you get a fertilized embryo transferred to your uterus or fallopian tube for further facilitation of the pregnancy process.

But at times due to poor reproductive health conditions or age issues, the endometrial lining may reject the transferred embryo, hence making an unsuccessful pregnancy. Therefore, the doctors in treatment call for endometrial scratching to enhance the IVF Success rate.

It can also be called endometrial biopsy where a thin flesh from the endometrium is taken out through a catheter and to make it more vulnerable towards the acceptance of the embryo towards the uterus. Therefore, endometrial scratching can prove to be beneficial for the ones undergoing IVF treatment for infertility issues.

Is it safe or convenient to undergo endometrial scratching during the IVF treatments?

If we go by what the infertility experts suggest, going for an endometrial scratch is never a bad idea and it is safe too! Actually, it is more convenient for those infertile females who have faced repeated failures in conceiving during the IVF treatment.

Moreover, the infertility experts suggest getting this done so that the chances of the successful embryo implantation increases and the IVF process gets a successful outcome. It has almost no risk attached with it and hence can be declared a safer addition to the IVF procedures to increase the chance of IVF success.

So, when you think of getting the IVF process done but you are facing repeated failures in getting successful results for the same, you may consult your infertility specialists for undergoing endometrial scratching to provide you with a safer and successful IVF pregnancy. After all, why not do your best to get a child when you can!

The bottom line

Today, the IVF Treatment Success Rate has increased three folds than what it was before some few years; all thanks to the growing technological advancements! Nowadays, it has become easier for infertility experts to go to the root cause of the infertility issues and get it treated!

And if not treated, at least they know which IVF treatment is best for their infertile patients which can give them the joy of becoming happy parents to their child. But many a time, we get to see that even after choosing the best infertility expert or undergoing the best IVF treatment, women fail to conceive!

They have to go through repeated failed IVF pregnancies and yet they cannot conceive. This can be both crucial on their mental and physical health with an additional cost for each repetitive IVF cycle.

So, at times to make the entire process a successful one and reduce the chances of failure of the IVF procedures, the infertility experts sometimes suggest doing endometrial scratching which might increase the chances of the same. Thus if you or someone you know is undergoing IVF treatments for getting pregnant endometrial scratching might be a good option to rely upon!

Precautions To Take For IVF Treatment In Summer

IVF Treatment in Summer
IVF Treatment in Summer

Infertility in itself is a sensitive condition which needs proper care in the part of both the sufferer and the fertility experts treating it to get positive results. Some people suffer infertility issues due to poor health conditions or improper lifestyle management while some people suffer from infertility from birth and often their condition is irreversible.

While we did not have much of improved and advanced technology beforehand to treat or support the issues of infertility, today we have got various options for the same. There are so many IVF Treatment options available today in front of the infertile couples that this condition does not come with the heavy baggage of disappointment and heartbreak anymore.

Continue reading Precautions To Take For IVF Treatment In Summer

IUI – Step by Step Process, Success Rate and Cost in India

Infertility never comes with any warning; eventually, you develop symptoms and find yourself in the middle of the road without much hope left to hold on. Often in cases of female and male fertility treatment, the results have been positive and the couples in question have become able to give birth to their own child through the biological process again.

But in cases where every infertility treatment fails and the conditions become permanent, then also there is nothing to lose hope for the ones who suffer from infertility conditions. Amongst all other IVF treatments available for the infertile couples, IUI or intrauterine insemination is one of the most coveted techniques that is largely preferred by individuals today.

Continue reading IUI – Step by Step Process, Success Rate and Cost in India

Pregnancy Miscarriage Signs & Symptoms

The feeling of being pregnant and giving birth to a child is a specialist to every would-be mother. Some women literally wait for the day when she can conceive and become able to childbirth. While most of them become successful, dreams of some such women are not fulfilled.

The issues of an inability of childbirth can be infertility but at times, even though the woman is fertile, she may not be able to give birth to her child due to the miscarriage of the baby in her womb.

Yes, Pregnancy care is a real thing and if you don’t take it seriously then stuff like miscarriages can happen which not only results in the loss of your baby but it can also result to some health complications of the pregnant ladies.

The loss of the fetus up to 20 weeks of conceiving is known as miscarriage whereas the formation of a baby after 20 weeks and thereby succumbing to miscarriage is known as still childbirth in the medical language.

It is disheartening for both the mother and the entire family to get along with the news of miscarriage and thus, every pregnant female needs to be extra careful during her pregnancy phase, more in the beginning trimesters, when they are actually least careful!

Pregnancy Miscarriage Signs & Symptoms
Pregnancy Miscarriage Signs & Symptoms
Continue reading Pregnancy Miscarriage Signs & Symptoms

Tips to Increase Fertility Naturally in Men and Women

Infertility affects individuals of both the gender adversely. You need to be strong enough in terms of both mental and physical health to bear the consequences of infertility as it is not too easy to face this phase of life without being strong.

At times, people are not born with infertility issues but with growing times and age, they become less fertile due to various reasons, one of which is obviously leading an unhealthy lifestyle for long.

In these cases, it is entirely a matter of negligence in the part of the individuals who slowly move on to become infertile with increasing age. And if timely measures are not taken, they can eventually become permanently infertile.

Therefore, Fertility Solutions for males/females is in their hands only if it is not due to a clinical condition or is a birth defect. There are various ways through which both men and women can boost their fertility and progress towards a healthy childbirth procedure.

Though there are many external ways to boost fertility, the natural ways are preferred more by the fertility experts as it has zero to fewer side effects and works better in boosting fertility.

So, today we are going to discuss some such natural fertility boosting techniques which are effective for both men and women.

Tips to Increase Fertility Naturally

Read on to know more…

Continue reading Tips to Increase Fertility Naturally in Men and Women

10 Best Summer Fertility Super Foods

It is obvious that most of us are born with the blessings of being fertile and we take it for granted that we are able to give birth to a child naturally! It is only when people suffer from infertility, do they realize how important it is to still work on increasing your fertility even though you are born fertile as because there can be several reasons due to which a normal person can also turn to be infertile.

While infertility is treatable and the infertile couples today have options like IVF procedures, surrogacy etc. to deal with their conditions, boosting your fertility must also be considered as one of the important aspects of maintaining good fertility health of an individual. For that to happen, there are several Fertility superfoods which not only boosts your fertility but is also good for your overall health.

10 best summer fertility super foods-avetaivf
10 Best Summer Fertility Super Foods
Continue reading 10 Best Summer Fertility Super Foods

What is IVF pregnancy and how does it work?

If we expand IVF, it stands for in vitro fertilization which means the male and female gametes are fertilized outside of their body in vitro and the fertilized gametes form zygotes with artificial procedures. Therefore, the artificially fertilized zygote is transferred back to the fallopian tube or uterus of the original mother or the surrogate mother for further developmental process of the fetus and childbirth respectively.

And when we talk about in vitro fertilization, there is not any single process associated with it, instead, there can be several forms of treatments like IVF, IUI, ICSI Treatment, donor programs, and other such methods. Of course, infertility is a burden for those who yearn to be parents to a child of his or her own but with the improved technologies and treatments today, it is nothing sort of burden anymore.

Today there are several infertility clinics who takes care of both male and female infertility treatment with utmost genuineness and thus, you don’t need to be worried at all about your reproductive health. If we go into the detailing of what actually the IVF process is, then it is not very difficult to understand. So, we will discuss more on this below.

IVF Pregnancy
Continue reading What is IVF pregnancy and how does it work?

5 Modern Effective Techniques to Overcome Infertility

Infertility is no more a taboo now. People are coming out with a courage to fight against infertility. Which can be caused by several natural and unnatural reasons.

Medical science has evolved upto great extent to treat infertility successfully and bring joy in couple’s lives.

Some of the effective methods are #IVF #IUI #ICSI #Hysteroscopy #Laparoscopy as explained below in the Infographics.